Saturday, March 14, 2020
Mujtaba 456 (4) Essays Mujtaba 456 (4) Essay Mujtaba 456 (4) Essay Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Mujtaba 456 (4) Growth of population has numerous effects on a country. America is no exception. This article discusses several issues concerning this. First, the article discusses the causes of the exponential population growth, experienced between 1800 and 1890, in the United States. Next, the article breaks down the population growth, according to origins and localities. Thirdly, this article explains the role of immigration in this surge. Finally, the article attempts to explain the costs of immigration to the United States. The population of the United States more than tripled, in the period between 1860 and 1890. This is attributable to several factors. First, Immigration plays a significant role in the aforementioned growth. Immigration depends on two factors, the Atlantic slave trade and European Immigration. Hughes and Cain (107) state: Ã¢â¬Å"the German speaking regions of Europe produced nearly 1 million immigrants to the United States.Ã¢â¬ The influx of European settlers was mostly due to crop failures, such as the Irish famine. Second, there was a high birth rate in the United States. Hughes Cain (104) state that, the birth rate went down to 41.4 per 1000 births in 1860, from 55 per 1000 earlier. This rate was still higher than other European countries. The aforementioned population surge significantly affected urban regions. Between 1860 and 1890, the American urban population grew by over 20 percent. The high immigration of people to the more-developed North Eastern cities proves this. Hughes and Cain (110) state: Ã¢â¬Å"3.6 million foreign-born whites lived in the Northeast and East-North-Central states; a mere 391,000 lived in the Southern statesÃ¢â¬ . In that period, the white population grew by around 86 percent. Similarly, the foreign-born population grew by around 14 percent. However, by 1890, the birth rate had slowed by a half. The population growth in America had various results, in an economic perspective. First, it enabled the manufacturing sector of the economy to grow. This fact is attributable to ready labor, provided by the immigrants. Hughes Cain (114) state: Ã¢â¬Å"in the 1840s, manufacturing employment grew more rapidly than any other sector (123.2 percent), increasing its share of total employment from 8.9 percent to 14.0 percent.Ã¢â¬ Construction and the service industries also grew at unheard of rates (Hughes Cain 114). Therefore, the real output per capita of the United States grew largely. However, the rise in population also led to more mouths to feed countered this effect to some extent. The real income growth per capita was around 1 percent for that period. As a result, the growth of population in the country stands questioning. The article has tried to explain the role of population growth on the economy of the United States. However, other effects have also been discussed, such as, demographics of States/regions in the United States. The article also discusses the reasons for immigration into the United States by European people, though to a lesser extent. From this article, we see that, the American economy benefited from immigration from Europe. Hughes, Jonathan R. T, and Louis P. Cain. American Economic History. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley, 2010. Print.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Expanding our Business into Canada - Research Paper Example While doing business in Canada and one wants to import any goods, the Canada Border Services Agency (2010) advices that, before importing any goods to Canada, one must be in possession of a business number from the Canada Revenue Agency for an export account. Also, one must have a clear knowledge of the goods that he/she wants to import and from which country the goods are manufactured. The goods must also no belong to some of those restricted to enter the country. Moreover, the tariff classification, rates of duties and tax charged on imports are a major consideration when it comes to importing of goods to Canada. According to the guideline on doing business in Canada (HLB Canada 2008), for one to expand his business in Canada, there are a number of things that must be considered and put in place. These issues include; for instance, if one wants to start a business in certain province in Canada, Ã¢â¬Å"he needs to register his business as an extra- provincial corporation in that pro vinceÃ¢â¬ (DBC 2008). In addition, all the procedures must be followed to the later. First of all, for a company which seeks to expand its business in Canada but already has an existing business in their country of origin, it can apply to go to Canada as business immigrant, however, there are three types of business immigrants, which include investors, entrepreneurs and self employed business immigrants. According to the citizenship and immigration Canada (2010), Ã¢â¬Å"business immigrants have to make a C$800,000 investment or own and manage business in Canada and must also meet certain experience.Ã¢â¬ For investors who seek to expand their businesses to Canada, they must be experienced in business, they should at least have a Ã¢â¬Å"minimum of c$1,600,000 net which must have been obtained genuinely, and they should also manage to make a c$800,000 investmentÃ¢â¬ (CIC 2010). Nevertheless, business is considered as the main backbone of any country and so, being cautious when it comes to foreign investors is very important. Cultural factors The economics of the country as it relates to doing business there and business etiquette (how to be polite in that country when doing business, their customs and manners) In Canada, the main spoken languages are English and French, both of which are national languages. Canada is mainly associated with polite and tolerant people. Generally, the main form of greeting in Canada is by a form of a firm handshake which is inclusive of a smile and a direct eye contact (Gorrill, 2009); however, other forms of greetings may involve a light kiss on the left and right cheek. While invited by somebody for dinner, it is always a good gesture to carry a gift, which may include wine, flowers or chocolates. In the business etiquette, Canadians practice politeness at all times and they expect that others will adhere to politeness as well. In a business meeting, it is essential to shake everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s hand in the meeting room. Sur names and honorable titles are not commonly used in Canada, instead, academic titles are found more appealing such as Dr, Mr. or Mrs. In addition it is a custom to make sure that business cards are in both English and French languages for easier clarity for the two languages speaking citizens (Gorrill, 2009). If one wishes to conduct business in Canada, then he/she should be aware that Canadians communication is indirect. Non-verbal expressions are mainly used to emphasis on a
Monday, February 10, 2020
GlobShops Management of Outsourcing to Date - Case Study Example The paper tells that in this age, globalization and introduction of internet facilities enhanced the pace of outsourcing. In order to amplify the productivity and profitability of an organization, the concept of outsourcing of information technology are recognized as one of the most important business strategies so as to improve the position and ranking of the organizations in the market among many other rival players. The prime aim behind such type of outsourcing or offshore mergers is to reduce the amount of cost that may amplify the total revenue and operating income of the organization. Keeping this aspect in mind, the global travel retail organization, Globshop also decided to outsource, the activities of information technology. Such a tactical and strategic decision is taken by the CEO of the organization, Mr. Roger Deen in order to mitigate the challenges aroused due to terrorist attract in the year 2001 in 11th September. In addition to this, Mr. Deen implemented such type of decisions, in order to amplify the competitive advantage and reliability of the business by outsourcing, informational technology activities to Indian firms at a quite cheap cost and easy shipping facilities. The prime aim of this paper is to evaluate the perspective of management of Globshop in regard to the process of outsourcing varied services of information technology. Along with this, it also highlights, the benefits and risks associated with such type of corporate strategies, rather than cost savings. Along with this, the pros and cons of the concept of outsourcing are also described with the help of various theories so as to analyze its effectiveness as a corporate strategy.
Friday, January 31, 2020
Planned Organizational Change Essay Abstract Planned organizational change can be defined in many different ways, and characterized on many different levels. The common denominator listed after reviewing two related Internet articles, indicates that change cannot take place for changes sake, but must be implemented to accomplish a specific goal or task. Another common statement states that change must also be accepted and embraced before the desired outcome is achieved. Planned Organizational Change Planned organizational change can be defined in many different ways, and characterized on many different levels. The common denominator listed after reviewing two related Internet articles, indicates that change cannot take place for changes sake, but must be implemented to accomplish a specific goal or task. Another common statement states that change must also be accepted and embraced before the desired outcome is achieved. The first Internet article reviewed was titled Planned Organizational Change as Cultural Revolution (Izumi and Taylor. n.d.). This article was particularly interesting because of the broad statement provided indicating that organizational schemes often fail because of poor reception by those involved. The article states: Organizational schemes gang aft a-gley during the implementation stage because the corporate culture does not change enough to allow the new ideas, procedures, and structures to take hold. There may not be the cultural buy-in necessary to sustain the current change effort. If planned change is to be successful, it must include, as an integral and critical part of the change process, the seeds of the new values, beliefs, and attitudes the organization is trying to grow. Unfortunately, change programs are often set up to fail because the change methods only perpetuate the old way of doing things. This statement rings particularly true for this author. Over the past 20Ã years in business I have witnessed many organizational changes that have failed miserably. Businesses seem to want a change, for different reasons, but do not know how to properly implement these changes. Improper implementation of a sound plan, not enough organizational commitment, and organizational politics, as indicated in the article, seem to provide some of the most common reasons for failure related to organizational change. Businesses will sometimes have a valid plan to change an organization, but neglect the final stages of implementation. This lack of follow-up invalidates the entire effort. Politics also play a significant role in most organizational change failures. Many businesses have allowed small unofficial organizations to form within organizations; this creates internal kingdoms which prove fatal to organizational change. A strong belief in the importance of a proper structure, as told by the article, often causes change factors to focus on the organization instead or processes. The effects of this type of change produce a structural change instead of a process change that allows the same processes to function under new management. The article goes as far as mentioning on model, used specifically in the case of large mergers, how many resources can be combined with little analysis of the operating environment. The thinking is, the combination of skills, thoughts and ideas will combine to form an organization that operates in a drastically different manner that initially imagined. This idea sounds valid, but a combination of organizational direction from management combined with the evolution of processes and organization would seem to provide the most effective solution. Business Process Reengineering (BPR) is one of the most interesting ideas retrieved from the first Internet article. The BPR is described as a natural outgrowth of the Internal Process approach to organizational effectiveness. This model concentrates on targeting internal processes for change. When these processes are analyzed for inefficiencies there is little consideration given to strategy or organizational structure. When internal processes are changed to increase efficiency, the old systems should be replaced with new systems rather than using the old systems to create newÃ processes. As old systems are purged, the effects on the organization increase exponentially. The domino effect seen by replacing old processes often surprises businesses as to the effectiveness of this model. The second article reviewed was titled: Basic Context for Organizational Change, this article parallels the previous article reviewed by this author. This article written by Carter McNamara, PhD provides two interesting points: (1) Change should not be done for the sake of change, and (2) There is typically strong resistance to change; people are afraid of the unknown. This author has witnessed several organization changes that could easily been implemented simply for change sake. The Internet article helps in the realization of the necessity for organizational-wide changes to truly create situations that effect positive change. Many times businesses will implement organizational changes in only one or two departments, when the change truly effects the every department or division in a small way. Organizational-wide change, along with change acceptance will go a long way toward creating a favorable atmosphere to change. Typically there are strong resistances to organizational change. People are afraid of the unknown. Many people like the way things are, are comfortable, and dont understand the need for change. Many people view any organizational change as bad, and neglect to give proposed changes an opportunity to succeed. This type of behavior is difficult to remedy, but a well-structured, properly organized change can implement change much easier that an ill conceived plan. In conclusion, this author has realized the importance of implementing and following through with planned changes as an integral part of successful organizational change. This author has also realized that change for change sake is a dangerous proposition and organizational changes should always consider the entire company before attempting local changes. A final lesson teaches the importance of recognizing peoples inherent resistance to change and the need to address human resistance as an important step in any organizational change effort. The items reviewed in both internet articles discussed effective ways to implement and recognized planned change, andÃ should be invaluable in future business endeavors. Reference Izumi, H., Taylor, D., (n.d.). Planned organizational change as cultural evolution. Empire State College Resource List. Para. 2. Retrieved April 15, 2003 from the World Wide Web:http://www.esc.edu/ESConline/across_esc/forumjournal.nsf/ 3cc42a422514347a8525671d0049f395/1f36661906ca98d9852567b00
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Motivation is the process by which one is moved, whether the process is external or internal. It encourages one to do something or not to do something. It can bring about positive change or a negative reaction depending on the situation. Many things affect motivation such as, the environment, your family background, schools, the government, and many other stimuli. Probably the greatest motivational factor in my life is my mother. She has always encouraged me to complete my education, many times when I did not want to. I remember once when I was going to drop out of college, she nearly threatened me with bodily harm if I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t finish. Of course, I canÃ¢â¬â¢t say that I blame her, I only had one year left. I am extremely glad that she did. I have always had the notion that I had to please everyone else when I was growing up. In elementary school, I had to always do good because my older brothers and sisters were good. Naturally I had to behave as well. I come from a large family. My parents had 15 children! Everyone one of us graduated from high school as well as worked on a farm. When I attended school, all I ever heard was that your brother or sister did well with this subject so you will naturally do as well. Sometimes this was good motivation and sometimes it was not a good tactic to use. There was always one good thing going for the Jacobs family, which was the fact that all of us liked math in school and it was real easy. It is no wonder we had straight AÃ¢â¬â¢s i...
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Argumentative Essay Implementation of School Uniform Students spend most of their time at school. They are very conscious about their over-all looks especially in the school. When it comes to appearance, clothes and style are one of the best and easiest ways to express themselves, and by all odds helps people to understand of who they really are. Even so, there has been an ongoing debate on whether school uniforms should be completely abolished in all schools or uniforms should become a compulsory to all educational institutions.Despite both pros and cons of this issue, I personally stick to the idea that school uniforms should be introduced in all public and private schools. Some important points to consider why they should require students to wear school uniform in all schools are the following: security in wearing uniform and promotes equality among students. Safety is among the most important duties of a school. To wear a certain school uniform may help reduce distractions and im prove school safety.For example, there will be less bullying and degrading to every student. Sometimes, children who cannot afford the latest fashion are ridiculed by their peers. Uniforms can also prevent students from wearing inappropriate clothing inside the campus that is sexually, illegally, etc. Another thing is when the students are required to wear matching uniforms; they are easily distinguishable from other groups. For an instance, it is easier to notice students while out on field trips and other outings because they are wearing uniform.Most importantly, it is harder for terrorists or trespassers to enter the school vicinity and do harm to anyone. Moving on to my second point, wearing uniform promotes equality between students. Wearing school uniform removes social barriers and put everyone equally on the ground. Itprovides a sense of belongingness to each and everyone inside the campus, it also provides students the opportunity to be accepted and included. And lastly, we aring school uniforms destress clothing as a means of conformity. It encourages equal environment in school by imiting socioeconomic difference among students. It may reduce bullying, teasing and cliques to students who canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford. As a whole, having a certain uniform in the school is a great solution. Wearing the same clothes provides security for students so as the faculty, the school in whole and advocates the sense of equality to everyone. That helps the individual to feel like they belong rather than they donÃ¢â¬â¢t fit at all. In my own point of view, school uniform should be implemented in all schools, both public and private for it is a good idea.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Revenge is a centerpiece of most conflicts within literature. In The Oresteia, All the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Men, and The Aeneid, there are three modes through which revenge can be exacted: premeditated dishonorable revenge, premeditated honorable revenge, and unplanned agitated revenge. These sometimes violent acts of emotion can reveal the purpose of a character as well as the role the character plays in either developing or resolving the many conflicts present within his story. Characters who exact revenge upon others purposefully and dishonorably are typically antagonists who create new conflicts through their actions. In Agamemnon, when Clytemnestra Ã¢â¬Å"coil[s] [Agamemnon] round and round inÃ¢â¬ ¦ the robes of doom, and thenÃ¢â¬ ¦ strike[s] himÃ¢â¬ ¦ twice,Ã¢â¬ she successfully takes revenge upon her husband for slaughtering their daughter, Iphigenia, to Artemis in order to sail towards Troy (Agamemnon 1403-1405). However, Agamemnon is still considered innocent as Ã¢â¬Å"he acts as he does because Zeus has taken away his witsÃ¢â¬ by ordering Agamemnon to vanquish the Trojans; Agamemnon kills his daughter simply to follow ZeusÃ¢â¬â¢s orders (Lloyd-Jones 197). Thus, when Clytemnestra kills this innocent man, she is performing a dishonorable act of murder, creating a conflict between the queen and two of her children, Orestes and Electra. Another character who takes revenge in a premeditated dishonorable fashion in Tiny Duffy, the Lieutenant Go vernor of Louisiana in All the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Men, who told Adam about Willie TalosÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedNatural Consequences In William Blakes A Poison Tree1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswas Montresors well deserved revenge. Poe and Blake use characterization to demonstrate natural consequence in response to despicable action. For the first example of natural consequence I used short story Ã¢â¬Å"Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ the author Edgar Allen Poe uses FortunatoÃ¢â¬â¢s suspected savagery to show that he was punished because of his actions, Ã¢â¬Å"The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne the best I couldÃ¢â¬ (Poe 5). The author provides characterization when he writes Ã¢â¬Å"injuries of FortunatoÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado And The Masque Of The Red Death Analysis1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEdgar Allen Poe was a famous American short story writer, who expressed literature through mystery and horror. Poe elaborated his writing, to be able to tell stories, within imagination, and suspense towards his readers. Moreover, the majority of PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s life relates to his storytelling through, mystery and suspense, considering his sudden death at the age of 40. Edgar Allen Poe created a unique voice in his stories, The Cask of Amontillado and The Masque of the Red Death, through common theme, dictionRead MoreHamlet, Prince of Denmark825 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestragic hero faces his doom, once and for all, taking away the lives of many innocents even. Fifthly, Greek tragedy is an organic wholeÃ¢â¬âcalled by Aristotle, focussing on well-knit plot. On the other hand, Shakespearean tragedy radiates with strong characterizationÃ¢â¬âround, of courseÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"Character is DestinyÃ¢â¬ . Sixthly, Pity and Fear for Catharsis are perhaps common in both the tradition of tragedies. And, lastly, the role of chorus (highlighting the past and intimating the futureÃ¢â¬âpivotal to the plot), beingRead More Scarlet Letter Essay1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA common theme throughout literature is religion and how the author feels about his or her faith. Nathaniel Hawthorne uses rhetorical devices to draw comparisons between characters and events in The Scarlet Letter and Biblical figures and accounts. A few of the devices found in this novel that c onnect it to the Bible are symbolism, paradox, allusions, and characterization. It is important to first look at the characters and how they are described through characterization. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;TheRead MoreThe Symbolism Of Ophelia s Hamlet 1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinterpreted as a plot device by a modern English woman and as a victim by an Elizabethan woman. This would occur because of their understanding of the symbolism of OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in madness, the context surrounding HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s view of her, and their characterization of Ophelia. Argument 1 Topic Sentence: The two readers would interpret the symbolism of OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in madness differently according to their understanding of Elizabethan customs. Evidence/Analysis Summary: Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s fennel for youRead MoreThe Romantic Era Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1502 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdecades of the 19th century, the romantic ear took over the styles of novels. This was a time of disagreement and confusion over principles and aesthetics; there were many philosophies, agendas, and points of interest that competed in all types of literature. Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley, is a work from the Romantic Era, and you can see some characteristics of this era in her novel. Romanticism was an era where the individual became more important than society. Instead of the rules andRead MoreFrankenstein as a Gothic Novel Essay1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworld though the aspects of a novel: plot, setting, characterization, and theme (De Vore, Domenic, Kwan and Reidy). As well, early Gothic novels have characterized themselves through the use of moral commitment and exotic atmosphere in their themes (Lowry 32). Stock characters that were typically present in Gothic literature were the social outcast, the misfit, the guilt haunted wanderer, and the solitary eccentric. However, earlier Gothic literature was considered primitive and mechanical Ã¢â¬â trite andRead MoreDramatic Irony Used for Characterization in Othello by Shakespeare713 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesspecifically puts his readers at the edge of their seats. Being full of jealousy and betrayal, the plot of Othello is guided by this playwrightÃ¢â¬â¢s usage of dramatic irony. Through the use of dramatic i rony and characterization Shakespeare creates Iago, the most sinister character in all of literature. William Shakespeare, being born on April 23, 1563, was subject to an early renaissance education. With new ideals, such as humanism, spreading throughout Europe during this time it was inevitableRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Poe1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe following: characterization, irony and symbolism. Irony is when expressions are used although given contrary meaning from which they generally stand for while symbolism involve utilization of signs to put forward thoughts by giving them meaning. Poe uses Montresor and Fortunato as main characters in the story, Montresor is manipulative. He is vengeful and manipulates with divine indirectness (Graham 85. While Fortunato who is MontresorÃ¢â¬â¢s wealthy enemy whom he intends to revenge upon. In briefRead MoreTheme Of Love In Wuthering Heights786 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand revenge that he plans to deliver through actions in the novel to all who have wronged him, majority focusing his hatred and exerting his powe r toward Hareton. Ã¢â¬Å"I know what he suffers now, for instance, exactly; it is merely the beginning of what he shall suffer, though. And heÃ¢â¬â¢ll never be able to emerge from his bathos of coarseness and ignoranceÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 216). The characterization of Heathcliff through the second half of Wuthering Heights, he becomes the villain true to gothic literature as his